The

Story

of the

Vest

Pocket

Kodak

Vest Pocket Kodak (first series) Lens References

These are all the lenses that, to date, have been found on the survey. Though the survey only totals some 270 cameras, what is evident is the number of lenses fitted by outside manufacturers. As in over the 14 years of production in excess  f 2 million cameras were produced it is quite likely that  many more of these outside manufacturer’s lenses will surface. The notes (*) apply to actual cameras included in the  survey and will not necessarily apply to all cameras with these lenses fitted. (To read the notes on these lenses left click on the (*x). To return to the lens section use the back button of your internet browser). As far as possible within the limitations of the fonts available the following are facsimiles of the lettering on the lens. All lenses are of fixed focus construction except where specifically stated otherwise .

STANDARD LENSES  SUPPLIED BY THE ROCHESTER

FACTORY OR BAUSCH AND LOMB

Meniscus Achromat   (Not marked as such, lens behind the shutter)   Ref. M 

Kodak Anastigmat f 8 No. xxxxx    Ref. KA8

Kodak Anastigmat f 7.7 No. xxxxx (no focal length given)    Ref. KA77

Kodak Anastigmat f 6.9 No. xxxxx (no focal length given)   Ref. KA69

Kodak Anastigmat f 7.7-84mm  No. xxxxx     Ref. KA7784

Kodak Anastigmat f 7.7-87mm  No. xxxxx     Ref. KA7787

Kodak Anastigmat f 6.9-87mm  No. xxxxx     Ref. KA6987

Kodak Anastigmat f 7.7-84mm  No. xxxxx (focusing)     Ref. KA7784F

Kodak Anastigmat f 6.9-84mm No. xxxxx (focusing)   Ref. KA6984F

85 mm Zeiss Kodak Anastigmat Pat Feb 24 03 (f6.9 on escutcheon plate)  (*1) Ref. ZKA69

85 mm B - L Kodak Anastigmat Pat Feb 24 03 (f6.9 on escutcheon plate) (*1)   Ref. BLKA69

Rapid Rectilinear    (first type with 15mm front element)    Ref. RR15

Rapid rectilinear    (second type with 12mm front element)   Ref. RR12

Rapid rectilinear    (third type with 12mm front element, square edge to rim) (*2) Ref. RR12SE

LENSES PROVIDED BY UK AND OTHER LENS MANUFACTURERS

Beck - Neostigmar f 6.9  No. xxxxxx patent 3.25 in (*3)   Ref. BN69

Ross London Patent 85mm Homocentric 6.8 No xxxxx. (4* ) Ref. RLPH68

Ross London  85mm Homocentric 1:6.8 No xxxxx. (*4)   Ref. RLH68

T.T.&.H. Ltd COOKE ANASTIGMAT LENS No xxxxx f /6.5 (*5)   Ref THCA65

T.T.&.H. - Kodak Anastigmat f /6.5 LENS  No xxxxxx (*6)   Ref. THKA65

Taylor-Hobson Focussing Cooke  (f 6.5 max. apert. on supplementary plate) (7*) Ref. THFC65

T.T. & H. Ld FOCUSING COOKE LENS No. xxxxx (f6.5) (*8)   Ref  THFCL65.

Anastigmat 1 : 6.8    Escutcheon 29698 with supplementary plate (*9) Ref. A68

Anastigmat 1 : 6.8  (focusing), ditto (*9)       Ref. A68F

WRAY LONDON No xxxxx 3 1/2” “LUSTRA” F 6.3 (*10b) Ref WLL6.3

LENSES PROVIDED BY EUROPEAN MANUFACTURERS

ANASTIGMAT 1 : 6,3 OPTIS F = 85   P.BENEY & Co. PARIS No. xxxx   (*10) Ref. PBY63

"OPTIS" PARIS  ANASTIGMAT No. xxxx - 1:6.3 SERIE II F=85 (*10) Ref OP63

ANASTIGMAT f 6.3 Boyer Fres   (Escutcheon 15288 with supplementary plate max aperture f6,3)  Ref. BF63

BERTHIOT PARIS OLOR F : 6.8  xxxxx (Escutcutcheon 12534 with supplementary plate).  Ref. BPO68

OLOR BERTHIOT F:6.9 F. KORISTKA  Milano xxxxx (no plate or etched markings) ref BO69K (*10a)

Carl Zeiss Jena  Tessar IIb No. xxxxxx F-9cm DRP (f6.9 on lens escutcheon plate) Ref. CZT69 (*11)

Carl Zeiss Jena  Tessar IIb No. xxxxxx F-9cm DRP (f6.8 on supplementary plate) Ref. CZT68  (*11a)

Carl Zeiss Jena, Tessar IIb No. xxxxxx F=9cm DRP (focusing) ( f6.9 on lens escutcheon plate)      Ref. CZT69F (*12)

Carl Zeiss Jena  No. xxxxxx Tessar 1: 4,9  f-9cm (focusing,) in Compur Shutter.  Ref. CZT49F

E Krauss Paris No.xxxxxx Tessar  F=9cm Bte. SGDG (*13)   Ref. EKT

MAZO ANASTIGMAT PARIS (see Elie Xavier MAZO) Ref. MAP

Goerz Syntor F 6.8 focus 3 ¼ in. (*14)   Ref. GS68

H DUPLOUICH Paris Anastigmat special f6.8 No. xxxx (*10) Ref HDA68

H. ROUSELL PARIS xxxxx  STYLOR  1:6,8 F 90 (apertures on supplementary plate) Ref HR68

J Demaria - PARIS - ANASTIGMAT F/6.8. SIGMAR xxxxxx (*10c) Ref JDAS68

Photohall Paris xxxxxx Anastigmat  1:6.3 F=85      Ref. PHP63

The above details are taken from specific cameras, It is very likely that there may exist other permutations for the indication of the lens f stops by shutter escutcheons and or supplementary plates etc..

 It also will be noted that five of the cameras with French lenses (Beney, Krauss Demaria, Duplouich , Optis, one Berthiot and Mazo ( but see section on Elie Xaier Mazo) plus the Wray Lustra ( but see 10b) appear to have been fitted to replace meniscus achromat or Rapid Rectilinear lenses. The new f stops have not been provided, as with other similar conversions which have been provided with either a supplementary plate or the new f stops engraved on the front plate. Supplementary plates could originally have been fitted but the cameras concerned show no evidence of this. Only with the evidence of more cameras can this point be settled. Unless the instructions with the individual cameras indicated the equivalent apertures to associate with the marked apertures it would seem strange to fit these better lenses with no indication on the camera of the new aperture values.

Lenses not in this survey but mentioned by Ron Lockton in his Survey

or Brian Coe in his ‘The First Hundred Years.’

Verax (Unger and Hoffmann Dresden?)

Kodak Anastigmat f 6.3

Cook Series III  (focusing)

Cooke Anastigmat f4.5 focusing (in Compur Shutter)

I should be very grateful to receive any information on these or any other lenses not mentioned that collectors may have in their possession

NOTES ON LENSES

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1No maximum aperture on these lenses but Escutcheon nos.  0893 or 12598 show f6,9 max aperture (both these lenses are  optically identical. As stated  in the 1916 catalogue, the word ‘Zeiss’ was dropped in favour of  ‘B-L denoting ‘Bausch and Lomb’ who in fact manufactured both lenses for Eastman  Kodak}

2. Some late Rapid rectilinear lenses have a different front element rim similar to the Anastigmat f7,7, this lens is not of  true Rapid Rectilinear construction, the front element is of negative value with a high positive value to the rear    element. (I would appreciate if anyone has information on this lens)

3F stops engraved on front plate.

4. These lenses are probably identical optically but show variation in the lettering on the lens front element

5. Early Escutcheon plate (unumbered) with correct  f stops (6,5 - 32) apertures engraved on front plate

6. Escutcheon no.8093 with max f stop of  6,9 but with correct f stops (6,5 - 32) engraved on front plate.

7.   Escutcheon no.15292 for f7.7 lens with correct f stops (6,5 - 32) on supplementary plate

8. This lens has been found with various escutcheons with the correct apertures either on a supplementary plate or engraved on front plate

9.   No makers name given, escutcheon no. 29698 with supplementary plate for f stops. These are late regular cameras in the 1,8xx,xxx+ number range.  Escutcheon no. 29698 shows a maximum f stop of f6.3.  This no. 29698  is a very late number for an escutcheon for the small ball bearing shutter as fitted to the  Vest Pocket Kodaks.  It may be that these shutter escutcheons were   originally  intended for  cameras other than the VPK,  The only other cameras that have used these shutters appear to be the No. 1 Kodak   Junior  and the No 2 Autographic Folding Brownie both of which, however, have  not been listed with  f 6,3 lenses.

10Escutcheon no. 5227 with Stops 1 2 3 4 for Meniscus Achromat, no actual f stops shown for this lens (?missing  supplementary plate) (see also “OPTIS” PARIS 1:6,3,) these two lenses are most likely by the same manufacturer (P. Beney) and are possibly  optically identical

10a   Escutcheon no. 12534 with Stops 1 2 3 4 for Meniscus Achromat, no actual f stops shown for this lens (?missing supplementary plate) Koristka was a microscope and camera manufacturer  who traded in Milan from 1880 to 1928

10b I have two cameras with this lens both with identical lettering, ie. shown as f6.3 Max aperture. The earliest (no. 1099232 with an escutcheon for the Meniscus achromat lens) was retailed by the Westminster Photographic Exchange and has the correct apertures engraved on the front plate, but this shows apertures of f : 6.8,  8, 16 and 22 . The second (no. 1237690 with the escutcheon for the Rapid Rectilinear lens)  has no actual f stops shown for this lens.(?missing supplementary plate) the question arises ‘which is the correct maximum aperture’ my reaction is to accept the apertures as marked on the earlier camera, ie. f : 6.8 to f22

10c  Escutcheon no. 15288 with Stops 1 2 3 4 for Meniscus Achromat, no actual f stops shown for this lens (?missing supplementary plate)

11.   Early lens escutcheon (no number) marked with f 6,9 max aperture.

11a. Lens identical lens to 11, but with escutcheon no. 5227 and with supplementary plate showing f 6.8 max aperture, this this has also been found with escutcheon 15290 (for f 7.7 lens) but with f 6.8 engraved on that plate.

12 Front cell focusing version of above lens with early lens escutcheon (no number).marked with f 6,9 max aperture. this  has also been found on a late Special with escutcheon 15292 marked with f 6,9 max aperture.

13. As (*10) but also no indication of maximum aperture shown for lens.

14. This lens is on a camera with early type 1 lazy tong mechanism (body number 01972) and a later autographic body, bottom half of escutcheon has been machined off and replaced with new section showing correct f stops

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Keith Christie

December 2006